Heating Panels for Optimum Comfort
Heater systems give off heat in a various ways, with the forced air heating system being the most common heating system in North America. Blowing heated air into the room is an easy way of heating, but it causes air circulation in the room and particles like dust and mites are swirled around. The rising heat causes a warm head and cold feet. Also, the air gets dry, causing an unfavourable room climate (45-55% of relative humidity is considered ideal).
Heating panels give off most of the heat as radiant heat. The human body perceives this type of heat as particularly cozy and comfortable, just like the heat from the sun. The air in the room is not swirled and keeps its natural moisture content.
Heating panels and clay – a perfect match
Heating panels are often covered with clay plaster, since clay supports the positive properties of heating panels in an ideal way. Clay regulates moisture and is an ideal heat store. Also, clay is perceived as a “warm” building material. In combination with heating panels clay can be applied not only as clay plaster but also as clay panels.
Heating panels are low temperature heaters and are suitable for use in low energy houses. Due to low supply and return temperature the heat can be provided by a heat pump.
From heating panel to wall cooling system
Cooling of the room can be achieved with running cold water instead of hot water through the pipes inside the wall. Contrasted with conventional air conditioning systems this method is completely silent and does not generate any drafts.
Heat supplied by a geothermal heat pump including a cooling system is very energy efficient.
In addition to the air temperature the comfort level of a room depends on the temperature of the walls. When using heating panels the air temperature in a room can be reduced without compromising the comfort level. A 3⁰C drop in room temperature equals approximately 18% savings in heating costs.
Heating panels are primarily installed on the inside of exterior walls. This minimizes heat radiating to those potentially cold areas. Interior walls can be used to create comfort zones. This is achieved by installing heating panels in areas of the room that are designed for sitting, eating and workspaces. The number of heating panels required is dependent on the insulation quality of the building, usually comprising 25% to 50% of the living space.
Location of pipes inside the wall can be determined with “temperature foil”. Wall plugs and nails can then be installed easily between the pipes.